By James B Greenough, J. H. Allen, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge
This sourcebook's three-part remedy begins with phrases and varieties, protecting elements of speech, declensions, and conjugations. the second one half, syntax, explores situations, moods, and tenses. The concluding part bargains details on archaic usages, Latin verse, and prose composition, between different matters. huge appendixes function a word list of phrases and indexes. scholars of background, faith, and literature will locate lasting worth during this modestly priced variation of a vintage consultant to Latin.
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Extra info for Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar
NUMBER AND CASE 35. Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, and Participles are declined in two Numbers, singular and plural; and in six Cases, nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, ablative, vocative. a. The Nominative is the case of the Subject of a sentence. b. The Genitive may generally be translated by the English Possessive, or by the Objective with the preposition of. c. The Dative is the case of the Indirect Object (§ 274). It may usually be translated by the Objective with the preposition to or for.
Stems of the Third Declension are classed as follows:— 55. The Nominative is always derived from the stem. The variety in form in the Nominative is due to simple modifications of the stem, of which the most important are— 1. Combination of final consonants: as of c (or g) and s to form x; dux, ducis, stem due-; rēx, rēgis, stem rēg-. 2. Omission of a final consonant: as of a final nasal; leō, leōnis, stem leōn-; ōrātiō, ōrātiōnis, stem ōrātiōn-. 3. Omission of a final vowel: as of final i; calcar, calcārìs, stem calcāri-.
The names of Roman women were usually feminine adjectives denoting their gèns or house (see § 108. b). 33. ” 34. Many nouns may be either masculine or feminine, according to the sex of the object. These are said to be of Common Gender: as, exsul, exile; bōs, ox or cow; parēns, parent. —Several names of animals have a grammatical gender, independent of sex. These are called epicene. Thus lepus, hare, is always masculine, and vulpēs, fox, is always feminine. NUMBER AND CASE 35. Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, and Participles are declined in two Numbers, singular and plural; and in six Cases, nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, ablative, vocative.