By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
The rice belt of Laguna Province, Philippines (popularly referred to as the heartland of the fairway Revolution, for its early adoption of recent rice varieties), has skilled dramatic financial and social alterations over the past 3 a long time. along with the key advances in new rice know-how, 4 significant forces have triggered swap: expanding inhabitants strain on restricted land, implementation of land reform programmes, advancements in infrastructure comparable to irrigation and roads, and penetration of city financial actions. a special information set generated from 11 surveys in the course of 1966-97 in a customary village in Laguna, as prepare during this e-book, illustrates a trend of socio-economic switch shared by means of many irrigated rice parts within the Philippines in addition to in different Asian economies.
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Additional info for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
The number of immigrants exceeded that of emigrants despite significant labour outflows 14 A Rice Village Saga from the village to urban areas. Large labour employment created by the construction of an irrigation system and the diffusion of new rice technology as represented by the adoption of MV encouraged labour migration to lowland rice villages from upland villages in the hills and mountains surrounding the rice belt along Laguna de Bay (Chapter 3). With this high population growth, the availability of rice fields per capita in East Laguna Village decreased rapidly, from about a quarter of a hectare in 1966 to less than a tenth of a hectare in 1995.
Chapter 7, on the other hand, shows that traditional community norms and relationships are instrumental in making the necessary adjustments to reduce the major disequilibrium in the labour market created by the diffusion of new rice technology. The analysis of labour contracts in rice harvesting illustrates the case of complementarity between community and market in achieving efficient resource allocations. Chapter 8 derives the same conclusion from the analysis of product marketing. An important finding from the study of rice marketing in East Laguna Village is that small farmers are not necessarily passive agents to be exploited by traders.
Harvested paddy was hauled across dried-up fields to the village for home consumption, or to the poblacion for rent payments in kind to landlords and for market sales. In those days there was no road built for carts, so movement of both people and cargoes in the rainy season had to rely on the narrow, slippery banks of the rice fields. Under such conditions photosensitivity in traditional varieties was a real blessing to farmers. Although rice yields were low, less than two tons per hectare in paddy terms, since labour input was also low, output per hour of labour would not have been low.