A History of Endocrinology by V. C. Medvei CBE, MD, FRCP (auth.)

By V. C. Medvei CBE, MD, FRCP (auth.)

o background of endocrinology may be written with no reference N to Sir Humphry Davy Rolleston, whose huge examine of the topic seemed in 1936 lower than the modest subtitle: The Endocrine Organs in healthiness and disorder with an old evaluation. It was once in line with the author's Fitzpatrick Lectures on the Royal university of Physicians of London in 1933 and 1934. The lectureship, which dates from 1901, is dedicated to the historical past of medication. Rolleston's paintings as regards scholarship and supply can't be exceeded and should stay the forged foundation for any more research. it really is of curiosity to notice that Rolleston gave the Fitzpatrick Lectures while he was once seventy one years of age and had his booklet released while he used to be seventy four. by means of that point he had accomplished so much of his expert goals and all of the honours a uncommon clinical occupation can provide (see part II). He perceived essentially that endocrinology was once "an huge, immense topic in a so much energetic degree of growth", which "recently has got most dear support from natural chemists, who've dedicated a lot time to the elucidation of the constitution, isolation and synthesis of the hormones". He remarked that the data of endocrinology was once increasing with severe rapidity, and it's been steered that during this appreciate it is going to seem to be itself prompted by means of a development hormone. He endured: "Before 1890 there have been relatively few courses facing the ductless glands, yet in 1913, A.

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Children resemble their parents because the movements of the pneuma in the semen and mense are formally the same as those which are present in the parents; the seeds have 'powers' in them, and when they meet, one will gain mastery. Pneuma (air) has a special psychic function in Greek thought about life. If 'pneuma' is the material basis of soul, then it must be material which carries the movement of the offspring22. Aristotle's application of the four-cause analysis and the theory of power and activity to sexual generation was revolutionary.

4. Johnston, R. : The history of human infertility. Fertil. Steril. 14,261-272, 1963. : p. 262. Himes, N. : A Medical History of Contraception. p. 67, New York, Gamut Press, 1936. Garrison, F. , p. 53, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders, 1929. 23 A HISTORY OF ENDOCRINOLOGY 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Jason, A. : The Thyroid Gland in Medical History, p. 10, New York, Froben Press, 1946. Herodotus, II, 84. Brothwell, D. and Sandison, A. T. : Diseases in Antiquity. Chap. 43, pp. 521-531, Springfield, Thomas, 1967.

9. 10. 11. 12. : The Thyroid Gland in Medical History. p. 14. New York, Froben Press, 1946. Polo, Marco: The Travels. p. 95, London, J. M. Dent & Sons, 1908. : Dwarfs and Jesters in Art. London, Phaidon, 1957. Huard, Pierre and Ming Wong: Chinese Medicine. (Translation) p. 32, London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1968. : An Introduction to the History of Medicine. p. 73. Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders, 1929. As 5: pp. 64-65. : pp. 12-30. : p. 31. Johnston, D. : The History of Human Infertility. Fertil.

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