By T. Carty
In response to a number of students and pundits, JFK's victory in 1960 symbolized America's evolution from a politically Protestant country to a pluralistic one. The anti-Catholic prejudice that many blamed for presidential candidate Alfred E. Smith's crushing defeat in 1928 ultimately looked as if it would were triumph over. notwithstanding, if the presidential election of 1960 used to be certainly a turning element for American Catholics, how can we clarify the failure of any Catholic--in over 40 years--to repeat Kennedy's accomplishment? during this exhaustively researched examine that fuses political, cultural, social, and highbrow background, Thomas Carty demanding situations the belief that JFK's profitable crusade for the presidency ended a long time, if no longer centuries, of non secular and political tensions among American Catholics and Protestants.
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Extra info for A Catholic in the White House?: Religion, Politics, and John F. Kennedy's Presidential Campaign
A Nation of Immigrants’’: John F. Kennedy and Joseph R. McCarthy in the Postwar Era By the 1950s, fears of rising Catholic power in the United States threatened to erect another barrier against Catholics who pursued the presidency. Liberal focus on economic reforms had dissipated by the 42 A Catholic in the White House? S. liberalism. As European fascism and communism competed for power, the Catholic Church viewed the latter as a greater threat while liberals feared the former. 63 Although the common purpose of war against fascism and militarism eased these tensions during World War II, consciousness of Catholic threats to Protestant and liberal authority in America prompted strong responses during the postwar era.
Smith’s 1936 rhetoric, however, represented a dramatic departure from the standard political disagreements between these two men. Speaking to a meeting of the American Liberty League—a conservative organization founded by wealthy Catholic businessman John Raskob to defend property Protestant America or a Nation of Immigrants? 39 rights against Roosevelt’s ‘‘New Deal’’ expansion of federal authority— Smith denounced the similarity of the Democratic Party and the Socialist Party platforms. ’’50 Catholic-liberal clashes about communism arose again in response to anticlerical regimes in Mexico and the Soviet Union.
In the 1930s, Franklin Roosevelt established political alliances with some Catholics, such as Kennedy and George Cardinal Mundelein, although others, including Al Smith and Father Charles Coughlin, berated his policies as socialistic. Kennedy and Postmaster General James Farley received consideration for the presidency in the 1940s, but both perceived religion as a limitation to this goal. Despite the pluralist cooperation of Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish Americans in the face of Nazi racist ambitions for world domination during World War II, John F.